Esophagus pain treatments include oral steroids, antiviral medications, pain relievers, antifungal medications and proton pump inhibitors, notes Healthline. Doctors recommend treatment depending on the particular cause of the condition. Some cases require the expansion of the esophagus if the opening is narrow.
Over-the-counter medications such as H2 receptor blockers and antacids treat esophageal pain caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease. Other solutions include prescription medications such as ranitidine and famotidine, and surgery for conditions that resist other treatments, states Mayo Clinic. Doctors recommend proton pump inhibitors, topical steroids and avoiding certain foods to manage eosinophilic esophagitis. A person can treat drug-induced esophagus pain by avoiding drugs that trigger the condition. Other measures include drinking an entire glass of water with a tablet and standing for at least 30 minutes after taking a pill.
An esophagus that is narrow may cause pain when swallowing food, according to Healthline. Remedying this requires a procedure called esophageal dilation, which involves the use of endoscopic devices to dilate the esophagus. A person should avoid spicy foods, raw or hard foods, and acidic foods to ease the symptoms. Avoiding smoking and alcohol is also necessary, as they tend to increase inflammation. A doctor can recommend any dietary changes a person should make.