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What is enthesopathy?

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Enthesopathy is a condition that affects the entheses or the attachment points at which ligaments and tendons connect with bone, as noted by the National Center for Biotechnology Information. Many different medical conditions can be associated with enthesopathy, such as different types of arthritis, spondyloarthropathy, Achilles tendonitis, plantar fasciitis and an overuse injury. When enthesopathy is due to inflammation at entheses sites of the body, it is called enthesitis.

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Certain inflammatory conditions, such as psoriatic arthritis can cause enthesitis. Enthesitis caused by this type of arthritis, can affect the soles of the feet, Achilles tendon, the spinal area and chest, as stated by the National Psoriasis Foundation.

The Achilles tendon is also a common area affected with enthesopathy, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information. The main symptoms of Achilles tendon enthesopathy are pain and inflammation where this tendon connects with the back of the heel bone. Some causes for this condition can be overuse and obesity. Arthritic conditions elsewhere in the body can also be a contributing factor for Achilles tendon enthesopathy, states Merck Manual.

The main treatment options for this condition are stretching exercises for the calf muscles, splinting and heel lifts that can minimize the stress on the affected tendon. Although enthesopathy commonly affects the Achilles tendon, it can also be linked to other conditions that also affect body tendons or ligaments, such as tennis or golfer's elbow, jumper's knees and plantar fasciitis.

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