What Is Energy Balance in Nutrition?

Energy balance in nutrition refers to the balance point in a person's diet where an equal amount of calories are being consumed and spent. The USDA's ChooseMyPlate website states that this is the key to maintaining a healthy weight.

Recognizing and finding energy balance can help a person safely and effectively lose weight, maintain his ideal weight, or gain weight, according to the USDA's ChooseMyPlate. This U.S. Government program recommends finding the body's ideal daily intake and eating that number of calories or slightly less in order to maintain a healthy weight. Also, it is important for the body to receive the right nutrients, so calorie counting goes hand-in-hand with avoiding processed foods and "empty calories." Keeping track of what is eaten and the number of calories consumed each day provides the best chance of success in maintaining a healthy body weight.

ChooseMyPlate also advises not skipping meals in order to cut calories. Instead, it recommends choosing healthier options and eating regular meals. It advises choosing foods that are nutrient dense instead of foods full of solid fats and refined sugar. This keeps the metabolism and mood both operating at a level rate, keeping a person happy as well as healthy.