Endoscopic surgery is any surgery considered minimally invasive and involves the use of an endoscope to perform the operation, according to Columbia University Medical Center. Endoscopic surgery can be performed on the bladder, kidneys and urinary tract.
Some types of endoscopic surgeries include bronchoscopy, colonoscopy, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and laryngoscopy, notes Healthline. Endoscopic surgeries can also be used for forming a diagnosis. When endoscopic surgery is performed on the kidneys, the endoscope is attached with lasers to treat tumors or kidney stones, explains Columbia University Medical Center. Endoscopic surgeries do not usually require a large incision. The surgeon inserts the flexible endoscope, which is a camera, through natural orifices such as the mouth or urethra or makes a small incision of less than an inch.
Endoscopic surgeries can be more difficult because the incisions, when they are necessary, must be small. This type of procedure can decrease serious risks, such as infection, that are associated with traditional surgeries, states WebMD. Endoscopic procedures are recommended for treating common ailments. Although these surgeries only leave small scars and significantly reduce recovery time, they have the same risks as other surgeries, adds Healthline. Bleeding, damage to internal organs and inflammation of the incision are some of the risks of endoscopic surgeries.