Endocarditis is a condition in which the lining of the cardiac chambers and valves become swollen, according to MedlinePlus. It occurs when germs enter the bloodstream and move to the heart.
The causes of endocarditis include bacterial infection, which is the most common, and Candida fungi, says MedlinePlus. People who suffer from this condition may experience symptoms such as fatigue, fever and weight loss. Patients may also develop shortness of breath, leg inflammation and splinter hemorrhages.
Treatments for endocarditis include antibiotic therapy and surgical replacement of the heart valve, reports MedlinePlus. Seeking immediate treatment improves the likelihood of a positive outcome.