Prevent nighttime leg cramps by drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration, stretching the legs before bedtime and keeping the covers at the foot of the bed untucked, advises Mayo Clinic. Wearing properly fitted shoes may also prevent nocturnal leg cramps, according to Cleveland Clinic.Continue Reading
Forcefully stretching the affected muscle is the best way to relieve a leg cramp, notes Cleveland Clinic. People can also walk around, jiggle the leg or massage their muscles to relieve a nighttime leg cramp. Taking a hot shower is often beneficial. To alleviate a cramp in the calf muscle, Mayo Clinic recommends a person flex the foot toward the head.
People with severe and persistent cramping, and those who experience leg cramps after exposure to a harmful substance such as lead, should seek prompt medical attention, recommends Mayo Clinic. People whose leg cramps severely interrupt their sleep or lead to muscle weakness should schedule an office visit with a doctor.
Nocturnal leg cramps occur most often in the calves but can also occur in the thighs or feet, according to Cleveland Clinic. They may last from a few seconds to a few minutes. Although they are more common in adults over the age of 50, nocturnal leg cramps also occur in children and young adults.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases