How Is Elevated Protein Treated When You Have Kidney Disease?


Quick Answer

Elevated protein levels are treated with dietary modifications, according to DaVita HealthCare Partners. The appropriate dietary protein intake for patients with chronic kidney disease depends on the stage of the disease and a person's nutrition status and body size.

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Full Answer

A renal dietitian is typically in charge of working with the patient to develop specific guidelines regarding protein intake. A patient who is prescribed a low-protein diet eats smaller portions of protein-containing foods. For instance, an average size person is limited to 4 to 6 ounces per day of meat, poultry or fish. Fish, chicken and low-fat soy and dairy products are good choices, explains DaVita HealthCare Partners. Milk; yogurt; cheese; dried beans and peas; nuts and seeds; and peanut butter are high in protein and phosphorus and should be avoided. A patient with stage four kidney disease may need to reduce protein intake to as little as 10 percent of his daily calorie intake.

It is still possible to eat a variety of healthy foods while limiting protein. Eating adequate calories is important to prevent muscle breakdown and weight loss, notes DaVita HealthCare Partners. A dietitian may recommend supplements or more healthy fats, such as olive oil, to supply needed calories. In addition, controlling glucose and blood pressure levels helps slow down the progression of kidney disease in patients with diabetes.

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