Elevated liver enzymes occur when there is damage or inflammation on the liver. The damage causes the liver cells to produce a higher amount of certain chemicals, which are deposited into the bloodstream. The liver enzymes that are usually elevated in the blood include alanine transaminase, or ALT, and aspartate transaminase, or AST.Continue Reading
The most common causes of elevated liver enzymes include obesity, alcohol, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, certain over-the-counter pain drugs, certain prescription medications and fatty liver disease. The elevation is also linked to other conditions, such as heart attacks, liver cancer, cirrhosis, pancreatitis, Wilson's disease, mononucleosis, dermatomyositis and gallbladder inflammation, among others. A doctor will be able to determine the underlying cause after checking the symptoms and reviewing the medications of a person.
Elevation of the liver enzymes can occur temporarily, and it is usually detected during normal blood tests. Most of the time, the elevation may not indicate a serious liver problem, as stated by Mayo Clinic. At most times, the elevation can only be treated after treating the underlying cause. Further tests and procedures may be necessary to know the exact cause of the elevation. Liver tests will check for the availability of the enzymes in the blood, as stated by WebMD.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues
Hepatic parenchymal disease is damage to the functional cells of the liver, according to HealthTap. Liver diseases can be divided into those affecting the biliary ducts and those affecting the functional cells of the organ, known as the parenchyma. Although liver disease is often associated with alcoholism, there are more than 100 hepatic diseases caused by a variety of factors, says the Canadian Liver Foundation.Full Answer >
Elevated liver enzymes can be caused by damage, medications, cirrhosis, liver cancer and various other diseases, reports Mayo Clinic. Other conditions include alcohol, hepatitis, obesity and fatty liver disease. However, mildly elevated levels are normal and rarely cause for alarm.Full Answer >
Elevated liver enzymes indicate damage to liver cells. Doctors order a liver test panel in new patients during annual physicals and when prescribing certain medications that have the potential for liver damage, according to WebMD. Other reasons for liver test panels include patients showing signs of bile disease or the excessive use of alcohol.Full Answer >
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis liver disease refers to the inflammation and damage of the liver as a result of fat accumulation in the organ, according to WebMD. This condition hinders the normal functioning of the liver and may scar the organ, leading to cirrhosis.Full Answer >