Elder abuse studies from 1990 indicate that between 1.6 and two million senior citizens suffer some form of neglect or abuse, including physical, emotional or financial abuse. Social service and medical providers state that elder abuse is under-reported, which indicates that it is more prevalent than available studies suggest.
Physical abuse includes non-accidental force that causes pain or injuries, such as hitting, shoving or sexual abuse. Emotional abuse includes making threats against, ignoring or isolating the elderly person. Financial abuse includes the misuse the funds, property or assets of the senior. Neglect accounts for more than half of all reports of abuse and includes withholding food, medication or health services.