Pain the elbow joint can have a variety of causes including a fracture, bursitis, tendinitis, dislocation, ligament sprains, and arthritis, according to Mayo Clinic. Other causes of elbow pain include lateral and medial epicondylitis, infections such as cellulitis, septic arthritis, tumors of the elbow and nerve entrapment, WebMD reports.
The elbow joint is subject to relatively less wear and tear as compared to other joints. However, the tendons of the elbow are affected by stress injuries caused by repetitive motion, such as lateral epicondylitis, commonly known as tennis elbow, and medial epicondylitis, or golfer's elbow, WebMD explains. Other conditions that cause elbow pain include Osteochondritis dissecans, a condition where pieces of elbow cartilage separate from the bone, causing pain and tenderness, Healthline states.
Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are two of the most common types of arthritis that affect the elbow. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that causes the inflammation of the elbow and other joints while osteoarthritic pain occurs as a result of the sustained degradation of the cartilage, according to MedicineNet. Other rarer forms of arthritis to affect the elbow and cause pain are genetic conditions such as reactive arthritis or types of arthritis that accompany other medical conditions such as gout-related arthritis and psoriatic arthritis, WebMD reports.