What Are the Effects of Vitamin D Deficiency?


Quick Answer

Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency include bone pain, muscle weakness, high blood pressure and bladder problems. Vitamin D deficiency has also been associated with cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment and cancer. Vitamin D deficiency is also known as Hypovitaminosis D, and it results from lack of dietary intake of vitamin D, explains WebMD.

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Full Answer

Vitamin D aids in the prevention of osteoporosis, decreases risk of tooth cavities and promotes stronger bones. Vitamin D helps regulate calcium homeostasis and metabolism, notes MedicineNet.com. Vitamin D also plays a role in lowering the risk of cardiovascular disorders. It reduces inflammation in joints and helps to regulate cholesterol in the body.

Limited exposure to sunlight is a common cause of vitamin D deficiency, explains WebMD.. The body collects vitamin D from sunlight through a process called "dermal synthesis." Both having darker skin and using sunscreen deters dermal synthesis. The production of melanin blocks UVB from the sun and reduces the skin’s ability to produce Vitamin D.

A healthy diet helps to prevent vitamin D deficiency, as both the malnourished and the obese are more susceptible to the disease. Abstaining from food with animal protein reduces the body’s ability to produce vitamin D, notes MedicineNet.com. Individuals with less bioavailability are susceptible because the body has to work harder to maintain blood calcium levels.

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