What are the effects of vitamin D deficiency?


Quick Answer

Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency include bone pain, muscle weakness, high blood pressure and bladder problems. Vitamin D deficiency has also been associated with cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment and cancer. Vitamin D deficiency is also known as Hypovitaminosis D, and it results from lack of dietary intake of vitamin D, explains WebMD.

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Full Answer

Vitamin D aids in the prevention of osteoporosis, decreases risk of tooth cavities and promotes stronger bones. Vitamin D helps regulate calcium homeostasis and metabolism, notes MedicineNet.com. Vitamin D also plays a role in lowering the risk of cardiovascular disorders. It reduces inflammation in joints and helps to regulate cholesterol in the body.

Limited exposure to sunlight is a common cause of vitamin D deficiency, explains WebMD.. The body collects vitamin D from sunlight through a process called "dermal synthesis." Both having darker skin and using sunscreen deters dermal synthesis. The production of melanin blocks UVB from the sun and reduces the skin���s ability to produce Vitamin D.

A healthy diet helps to prevent vitamin D deficiency, as both the malnourished and the obese are more susceptible to the disease. Abstaining from food with animal protein reduces the body���s ability to produce vitamin D, notes MedicineNet.com. Individuals with less bioavailability are susceptible because the body has to work harder to maintain blood calcium levels.

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