Long-term exposure to diesel exhaust is likely to increase risk of lung cancer, according to the American Cancer Society. It is a significant part of outdoor air pollution that can lead to headaches, eye irritation, heart disease, lung disease and immune system problems.Continue Reading
Researchers believe that diesel exhaust is linked to lung cancer, says the American Cancer Society. Some studies of workers exposed to diesel fumes revealed small but substantial increases in chances of lung cancer. People with the longest and heaviest exposures, such as heavy equipment operators and railroad workers, were discovered to have higher lung cancer death rates compared to unexposed workers. The International Agency for Research on Cancer considers diesel engine exhaust as carcinogenic to humans based on evidence that it causes higher risk of lung cancer.
Studies of cells in lab dishes unveil that the soot or chemical extracts of diesel exhaust potentially change the DNA of cells, says the American Cancer Society. These changes are typically required for cancer to develop, although not every substance that causes DNA changes also causes cancer. Heavy, prolonged exposure to the fumes leads to lung cancer in lab animals, such as rats. Several studies have also found links between diesel exhaust exposure and the possibility of developing other types of cancers, including cancers of the larynx, esophagus and stomach.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
While typically harmless if touched or swallowed, effects of elemental mercury exposure include metallic taste, vomiting, difficulty breathing, bad cough and swollen or bleeding gums, according to MedlinePlus. While breathing in enough elemental mercury may lead to acute symptoms right away, the effects may be chronic when occurring over time.Full Answer >
People who suffer respiratory symptoms due to exposure to hydrogen sulfide or sewer gas are treated with supplemental oxygen, aerosolized bronchodilators or nitrite therapy, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If they have trouble breathing, children may require bronchodilator treatment with a racemic epinephrine aerosol. The gas is not cancerous and does not accumulate in the body with prolonged exposure, notes the CDC. Treatment for symptoms of exposure aims to support compromised respiratory and cardiovascular functions.Full Answer >
The side effects from stomach surgery include bleeding, heartburn, nausea, diarrhea and abdominal pain, says the American Cancer Society. The patient may need to take supplemental vitamins if parts of the stomach that produce vitamins are removed.Full Answer >
Possible side effects following bladder surgery include frequent urination, incontinence, pain during urination, urine blockage and pouch stones, according to the American Cancer Society. Side effects due to cystectomy or a removal of the bladder because of cancer can be especially serious with infection and blood clots as two risks. Men and women can also experience sexual side effects, such as seminal fluid without semen and erectile dysfunction in men, and painful intercourse without an orgasm for women.Full Answer >