What Are the Effects of a Partial Hysterectomy?

An interruption of ovarian functions, causing symptoms of menopause, such as anxiety, fatigue, unexplained weight gain and mood swings are possible effects of a partial hysterectomy, states HysterectomyRx. Lowered hormonal levels may also cause sexual side effects and increase a woman's chances of developing osteoporosis, claims Herbert A. Goldfarb, M.D.

During a partial hysterectomy, the uterus is removed while the ovaries are untouched. Blood flow to the ovaries significantly decreases making it harder for women to maintain proper hormone levels. In most cases of partial hysterectomies, ovarian functions cease altogether, according to HysterectomyRx. The sudden cessation of menstruation can change estrogen, progesterone and testosterone levels in the body causing early menopause accompanied by symptoms ranging from anxiety, depression, mood swings and insomnia to joint pain, unexplained weight gain and urinary problems.

Although a partial hysterectomy can be less shocking than a total hysterectomy, it can still be accompanied by severe after effects. In addition to causing menopausal symptoms and sexual side effects, lowered hormonal levels in women who have had low bone density to begin with may increase their chances of developing osteoporosis after the surgical removal of the uterus, according to Dr. Goldfarb. Women who have had a hysterectomy also increase their chances of developing arthritis and heart disease, reports HysterectomyRx.