What Are Some of the Effects of Hypertension?


Quick Answer

Effects of hypertension, or high blood pressure, include narrowing and damaging of arteries, stroke, heart failure and dementia, which is a brain disease characterized by problems in reasoning, speaking or movement, states Mayo Clinic. This condition can also cause sexual dysfunction and also affects the excretory system and the skeletal system, according to Healthline.

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Full Answer

Hypertension can cause hardening of the arteries, or arteriosclerosis, due to the collection of fats, restricting blood flow to the legs, kidneys, brain and heart, says Mayo Clinic. This can result in chest pain, kidney failure, heart attack, and aneurysms, which is a condition characterized by enlargement, bulging and rupturing of the arteries, causing internal bleeding.

High blood pressure makes the heart to work harder, causing the left ventricle to stiffen, limiting the ventricle’s ability to pump blood to the body, reports Mayo Clinic. This can cause sudden cardiac death or heart failure, a condition in which the heart muscles weaken, work less efficient or wear out. Hypertension can also weaken the brain’s blood vessels, causing blood clots and blood vessels to narrow and leak, resulting in a stroke.

Narrowing of arteries can reduce the ability of the kidneys to remove toxins, and the kidneys can stop functioning with time, requiring a kidney transplant, explains Healthline. Inadequate blood flow can also cause impotent, painful ejaculation and erectile dysfunction in men, and in women, it can cause vaginal dryness, decreased sexual desire and painful intercourse.

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