The effects of Cloud Nine bath salt include rapid heart rate, hyperthermia, high blood pressure, vessel constriction, and muscle spasm and tremors, explains Drugs.com. Higher doses of Cloud 9 bath salt may lead to psychiatric and behavioral effects such as paranoia, hallucinations and delusions, agitation, insomnia and irritability. The drug contains MDPV, a chemical that inhibits norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake system, leading to central nervous stimulation.
When taken in overdose amounts, patients may need to be admitted to intensive care or use intravenous sedatives, restraints or antipsychotics to protect themselves and the health care team from harm. Destruction of muscle fibers and release of myoglobin into the bloodstream may also occur with Cloud 9 bath salt use, leading to kidney failure. Since there is no known antidote of its overdose, supportive care is given.
Cloud 9 bath salt is reported to have a very powerful addictive potential and the ability to induce intolerance, explains Drugs.com. Patients using it develop intensive cravings similar to what the users of methamphetamine experience. On September 7, 2011, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency announced emergency scheduling control of MDPV, the content found in bath salts. This means that the substance cannot be prescribed for medical purposes or sold under any circumstances in the United States.