Bullous lung disease makes it hard for a patient to breathe and causes pressure in the chest, soreness general fatigue, a general bloated feeling and other symptoms. Also known as bullous emphysema, the disease is characterized by the abnormal growth of air pockets that progressively interfere with the lung's ability to function normally, states the University of Rochester Medical Center.
Bullous lung disease results from a chain reaction of behaviors. Cigarette smoking leads to emphysema, which then results in the formation of the air pockets, known as giant bullae, notes the University of Rochester Medical Center. In a select few cases, some patients have been diagnosed with the disease after suffering respiratory illnesses from high air pollution or chemical fumes.
In most cases, bullous lung disease requires surgery called a bullectomy, during which the abnormal air pockets are removed. In certain instances, bullae have been known to grow to more than a foot in diameter. The goal of the surgery is to ease symptoms and allow patients to breathe more freely, according to the University of Rochester Medical Center.
In some cases, doctors may also prescribe antibiotics to treat infection, which also results in improvements of symptoms, states SteadyHealth.com, an Internet-based health community.