Effective ways to treat knee pain include resting the knee, applying ice, wearing a compression bandage and elevating the injured knee, recommends Mayo Clinic. Over-the-counter medications or topical numbing creams may alleviate knee pain.
Some over-the-counter medications taken to relieve knee pain include acetaminophen, ibuprofen and naproxen, according to Mayo Clinic. Knee pain related to a minor injury may go away if a person stays off the knee for a few days. Icing the knee for up to 20 minutes at a time can provide pain relief. Apply a compression bandage that is tight without cutting off circulation, and reduce swelling by keeping the knee elevated whenever possible.
The appropriate medical treatment for knee pain varies based on the cause of the pain, notes Mayo Clinic. Conditions such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis may require a physician to treat the condition directly to eliminate the pain. A doctor may prescribe medications, or some types of physical therapy may be beneficial. Knee strengthening exercises may add stability, or arch supports may be used to remove pressure from the affected knee.
Some knee conditions such as arthritis require a corticosteroid injection for pain relief, although it may not always prove to be effective, states Mayo Clinic. A doctor may recommend surgery for an injury to the knee, but the surgery is not usually urgent.