Treatment options for glaucoma include prescription eye drops, microsurgery and laser surgery, reports WebMD. Specific laser surgery options include trabeculoplasty, which opens the trabecular meshwork drainage area; cyclophotocoagulation, in which a laser applied to the middle eye area reduces fluid production; and iridotomy, which creates a hole in the iris.
The most commonly prescribed eye drops for glaucoma include postaglandins, beta blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, alpha-adrenergic agonists, and miotic or cholinergic agents, according to Mayo Clinic. Glaucoma treatments focus on lowering blood pressure in the eyes. Although there is no cure for glaucoma as of 2015, proper treatment can prevent future vision loss.