Effective treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, include drug therapy with alpha blockers or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, transurethral resection, transurethral incision and transurethral needle ablation, explains Mayo Clinic. Doctors also sometimes treat the condition with laser therapy.
Transurethral resection is a surgical procedure in which a surgeon removes the interior of the prostate, leaving behind only the outer portion, notes Mayo Clinic. The procedure allows urine to flow more easily. In the case of a transurethral incision, the surgeon makes small holes in the prostate gland rather than cutting away a significant portion of tissue. To perform transurethral needle ablation, a doctor inserts needles in the prostate gland and directs radio waves into the prostate through the needles. The radio waves break down tissue obstructing urine flow.