Nail removal, laser procedures and prescription antifungal medications are some of the treatment options available for toenail fungus. Toenail fungus is an infection that often attacks through cracks in the nails or cuts in the skin, notes WebMD.
Individuals with minor skin injuries or those with deformed nails are at a greater risk of getting fungal infections. Other risk factors associated with this condition include having moist skin for prolonged periods, immune system complications, wearing tight footwear and having nail injuries.
An individual with toenail fungus is likely to experience brittleness of the nails and observe debris trapped underneath the nail. The nail may become loose and a change in its shape may also be observed. White or yellow streaks on the sides of the nail are closely associated with this condition.
To diagnose this condition, doctors usually ask about the history of the patient and carry out a physical examination of the areas affected. Doctors may have to look at nail scrapings under a microscope to ascertain the type of fungus that is causing the complication.
Oral antifungal drugs such as terbinafine and itraconazole are among the most effective medications. Medicated nail polish or cream may equally offer good results. Nail removal and laser and light-based therapies are other options available for treatment, according to Mayo Clinic.