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What is the most effective treatment for low blood pressure?

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The most effective treatment for low blood pressure or hypotension depends on the severity of a patient's signs and symptoms, as well as the type of hypotension he has, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Once a person exhibits signs or symptoms of hypotension, such as dizziness, nausea or blurred vision, he should immediately rest, lie down and raise his feet to a level above his heart. If signs or symptoms persist, immediate medical attention is needed.

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For patients experiencing low blood pressure symptoms, the recommended treatment also depends on the primary health condition, according to Mayo Clinic. Doctors tend to treat the underlying cause, such as diabetes, hypothyroidism or dehydration, instead of the hypotension itself. If the symptoms are a result of certain medications, treatment involves adjusting the recommended dose or stopping intake completely.

People with chronic hypotension may see improvements with changes in their lifestyle, reports WebMD. Based on a doctor's recommendation, changes such as limiting alcohol intake, adding more salt to a diet, drinking more nonalcoholic fluids, getting regular exercise and elevating the head of a patient's bed at night can bring blood pressure back to normal. Avoiding activities such as heavy lifting and extended exposure to hot water are common recommendations as well. Compression stockings covering the thigh and calf are worn to help keep more blood in a patient's upper body by restricting blood flowing toward the legs.

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