Broken capillaries in the face are a symptom of a skin condition called rosacea, and possible treatments include laser surgery, intense pulsed light and drugs, reports WebMD. Additionally, lifestyle changes help prevent flare-ups and symptoms.
Although rosacea has no known cure, laser surgery may make broken and inflamed capillaries less visible, explains the Mayo Clinic. Antibiotics soothe inflammation and give short-term relief, but may cause side effects. Patients can ingest the antibiotics orally in pill form or spread them on their skin in lotions, creams or gels. Prescription acne drugs such as isotretinoin may clear up symptoms of rosacea, but pregnant women should avoid them, as they potentially cause severe birth defects.
To prevent symptoms from worsening and avoid provoking flare-ups, patients should attempt to determine if anything they eat or drink exacerbates the condition, advises WebMD. Patients should also protect their faces by staying out of direct sunlight, wearing a visor or wide-brimmed hat, and applying sunscreen with a rating of at least SPF 30 daily. Additionally, those with rosacea should wear ski masks or scarves in cold weather to protect their faces, and avoid rubbing or scratching the skin on their faces, states the Mayo Clinic. They should use gentle skin care products and avoid products with alcohol or other irritants.