Treat gout attacks at home with rest, elevation and ice. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications reduce pain and swelling of joints. Aspirin is not recommended to treat gout pain, as it can worsen gout symptoms, according to WebMD.
A first gout flare-up can last several days, causing redness, inflammation and severe joint pain. Gout typically attacks the joints in the big toe. The metabolic inability to process uric acid is the most common cause of gout, reports About.com.
Dietary changes may help to prevent further gout attacks. Maintaining a healthy weight and limiting consumption of alcoholic beverages, especially beer, can help. Drinking sufficient amounts of water and avoiding eating purine-rich meats and seafood that may bring on a gout attack also reduces the risks of a flare-up, says WebMD.