Home treatment for second-degree burns includes rinsing the area with cool water, applying antibiotic ointment and bandaging the affected skin, according to WebMD. Other remedies include aloe, vanilla, tea bags and vinegar, as listed by Reader's Digest.
Patients should run cool water over the burned skin for 15 to 30 minutes to eliminate pain, but they should avoid ice water as this causes tissue damage, according to WebMD. They should gently wash the area with mild soap and water, being careful not to pop any blisters. The next step is to apply an antibiotic ointment such as Polysporin or bacitracin before loosely bandaging the area.
Aloe applied to the affected area soothes pain, reduces inflammation and encourages healing, as confirmed by Reader's Digest. A few drops of vanilla extract placed on a cotton swab and applied to a minor burn also alleviates pain as the alcohol cools the skin. The tannic acid in black tea relieves pain by drawing the heat from a burn. Patients can experience these effects by soaking two or three tea bags and holding them to the affected area with gauze. The acetic acid in white vinegar relieves pain and inflammation, and vinegar's astringent and antiseptic properties fight infection. Patients should soak a cloth in a diluted vinegar solution, and press it to the skin.