Treatments for eczema include hydrocortisone ointments, topical steroid creams and prescription moisturizing creams, explains WebMD. Individuals with eczema may also find relief for itching skin by taking oral antihistamine medications. In certain cases, medicated creams that minimize inflammation and hinder immune-system responses may be prescribed.
Eczema sufferers may benefit by applying corticosteroid creams to the skin and wrapping the affected areas with moistened dressings or bandages, explains Mayo Clinic. The treatment is often performed in medical settings, such as hospitals, and may begin to relieve symptoms within a few hours following application. Injectable steroid medications are also utilized as a short-term treatment for eczema.
Individuals who suffer from eczema flare ups should take measures to keep their skin moisturized at all times, explains the National Eczema Association. Applying lubricating creams to the skin within three minutes following a warm shower or bath can help to lock in hydration. When the skin is wet, it is important to pat-dry the affected areas with a soft cloth and avoid aggressive rubbing. Using humidifiers in the home during periods of cold weather can also help to keep the air moist and prevent skin dryness. Sufferers may also benefit by wearing loose cotton clothing, and they should use only gentle soaps or soap-free cleansers when bathing or showering.
Stress has been linked to eczema flare-ups, WebMD reports. Patients should get regular exercise and learn to different ways to manage stress.
Some patients benefit from ultraviolet light therapy, WebMD says. It is often used on patients with severe eczema.