Healthy eating provides balanced amounts of nutrients needed by the body to function properly and maintain optimal energy levels, explains WebMD. It contributes to lower stress levels and prevents or manages different health problems, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and certain types of cancer.
Maintaining a balanced diet makes a person feel upbeat and healthy overall, according to Everyday Health. In comparison, a diet that mostly consists of junk foods causes insufficient energy, exhaustion and poor health. People should consume a wide selection of foods to obtain all essential vitamins and minerals.
Doctors recommend eating meals with plenty of whole grains and less saturated and trans fats to prevent diseases, notes Everyday Health. It is also important to be cautious of nutrient deficiencies, such as iron deficiency. Children and teens need lots of iron to support their development as they grow, while menstruating women require adequate iron to replenish that lost during menstruation.
Fresh fruits and vegetables are essential components of a healthy diet, while sugar, salt and fat should be taken in moderation, states WebMD. Nutritionists suggest choosing a variety of foods from each food group and starting with easy changes, such as eating a fruit daily or preparing a vegetarian meal weekly. Combining long-term healthy eating with a regular exercise regimen is the best way to stay healthy.