Eating right involves moderating calories, choosing a variety of nutrient-dense foods across all food groups and limiting or avoiding nutrient-poor foods. A balanced diet is beneficial for creating and maintaining health.Continue Reading
Moderating calories means that the number of calories eaten daily are equal to the number of calories burned in a day. A consistent calorie surplus results in weight gain, while a consistent calorie deficit results in weight loss. Extra physical activity can help with this calorie moderation.
Choosing a variety of nutrient-dense foods across all food groups ensures that nutrition targets are met. Nutrient-dense foods contain varying levels of vitamins, minerals, fiber, protein, fats and complex carbohydrates. They also tend to be lower in calories and more filling than nutrient-poor foods. Fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, many dairy products, nuts, seeds, beans and healthy oils are broad examples of nutrient-dense foods. A varied diet also prevents boredom and may be easier to stick with long term.
Nutrient-poor foods should be limited or avoided entirely. These foods tend to be high in calories, sugar, salt, unhealthy fats and additives. They include items such as sugary foods and beverages, items made from refined grains and items that are heavily processed. These items should be considered special treats rather than dietary staples.Learn more about Nutrition & Diets