A diet of complex carbohydrates, lean protein, vegetables, fruits and unsaturated fats are recommended by WebMD to manage diabetes. Foods loaded with quickly digested carbohydrates, saturated fats and sodium should be avoided.
Complex carbohydrates recommended by WebMD include foods such as whole-grain products, baked potatoes and corn products, while white bread, flour tortillas and french fries should be avoided. Fresh or frozen vegetables provide good amounts of fiber and nutrients without the high levels of sodium associated with canned vegetables. Vegetables should not be cooked in a cheese or butter sauce, however. Lettuces, spinach and other greens can be eaten raw as a part of this diet. Fresh or frozen fruits are also preferred over canned fruits, as canned fruits have added sugars.
Protein sources in a diabetes-friendly diet are limited to low-fat dairy and animal proteins, adds WebMD. Meat should be baked, stewed, boiled or grilled, and cuts should be as lean as possible. Fish, turkey and chicken are recommended, but beans, eggs and tofu can also serve as protein sources. Fried meat or tofu should never be consumed. Likewise, skim milk and low-fat yogurt products are preferred over the whole-fat variety, to avoid unhealthy levels of saturated fats.