Seniors can do almost any type of exercise -- aerobic, strength training, or upper body -- possibly with some modifications to accommodate whatever challenges they may have. For example, they can do push-ups against walls or perform squats over sturdy chairs with pillows.
To start practicing aerobic exercise, seniors can try walking briskly for just a few minutes at a time. To improve upper body strength, they can hold weights either above their heads, out to the sides, or up in front of them at shoulder level. For lower body, side and back leg raises help strengthen the muscles in thighs, hips, buttocks and lower back.