Early symptoms of uterine cancer include abnormal vaginal bleeding during or after menopause, pain during sexual intercourse, pain in the pelvic area and pain when urinating, states the American Society of Clinical Oncology. However, not all women with uterine cancer show these symptoms, which are also indications of other diseases.
Uterine cancer develops when the uterus cells grow in an abnormal manner and form either benign or malignant tumors, states ASCO. It is the most common cancer of the female reproductive system. The two types of uterine cancers are sarcoma and adenocarcinoma. Sarcoma develops in the uterus' outer muscle tissue or myometrium while adenocarcinoma develops in the uterus' inner lining or endometrium. Endometrial cancer affects eight in 10 of the women with uterine cancers.
Treatment options for uterine cancer include hysterectomy, lymph node dissection, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy, explains ASCO. They are either one treatment or a combination of many and aim to either slow, stop or get rid of the malignancy. Such treatments, however, have side effects that affect the patient physically, emotional and socially. Hence, a cancer patient may also receive palliative care, which ease the side effects from the treatments, relieve symptoms and support the patient in working towards a better quality life.