AIDs.gov reports that the earliest stage of HIV is known as acute retroviral syndrome and often presents with flu-like symptoms. HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a chronic virus that destroys a patient’s CD4 T cells over time. The virus is spread through bodily fluids and causes many early symptoms.
The first two to four weeks after infection with HIV most people experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, swollen glands, sore throat, rash, fatigue, muscle pain, joint pain and headaches. These symptoms can last for a few days or a few weeks. They are all indicative of the acute retroviral syndrome. However, according to AIDs.gov, not every patient experiences acute retroviral syndrome.
Some people who are infected with HIV may not even experience symptoms for 10 or more years. Even if patients do not experience symptoms, but they still believe they may have been infected, they can get tested. In 2013, a new HIV test was approved that can detect HIV infection in its early stages. Early detection is key to living a long and healthy life. The earlier the disease is detected, the easier it is to treat the disease with medication and healthy lifestyle changes, according to AIDs.gov.