The early signs and symptoms of uterine cancer usually center around abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, according to the American Cancer Society. The bleeding may occur after menopause or between periods. About 10 percent of uterine cancer patients experience an unusual discharge in addition to or instead of bleeding.
Although early detection is critical to a positive outcome, women with advanced uterine cancer should seek treatment immediately if they experience symptoms, states the American Cancer Society. Advanced uterine cancer often causes a tumor the patient can feel, pelvic pain and weight loss.
As of 2015, there is no early-detection test for uterine cancer, reports the American Cancer Society. A pelvic exam may reveal advanced uterine cancer, and a Pap smear may occasionally detect it. Early detection is the most-successful strategy.
A variety of factors can raise the risk of uterine cancer, says the American Cancer Society. Women are more at risk who have late menopause, advanced age and infertility. Other risk factors include never giving birth, diabetes, estrogen treatment and tamoxifen therapy.
Women at the highest risk of uterine cancer are those who have been diagnosed with hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer, the American Cancer Society reveals. Doctors recommend these patients either have a uterine biopsy annually after age 35 or undergo a hysterectomy.