Early symptoms of arthritis in fingers include dull or burning pain, joint stiffness, mild joint inflammation or swelling and warmth in the affected joints. When an individual begins to develop arthritis in the fingers, hands or wrists, it can be the first signs of rheumatoid arthritis, reports Healthline.
A doctor can diagnose arthritis by using x-rays and examining an individual's hands. There are both non-surgical and surgical treatments for the disease. As of 2015, non-surgical treatments include medications to treat symptoms, anesthetic or steroid injections for pain, and splinting the affected areas. Surgical treatments include reconstructing the affected joint, replacing the joint or fusing the joint, according to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons.