Dukoral is an oral vaccine containing four separate inactivated strains of a certain bacterium, and it offers protection against cholera, according to Drugs.com. Physicians prescribe the vaccine for active immunization against cholera in children who are at least 2 years old and adults set to visit endemic or epidemic locations.
Doctors recommend Dukoral, which is only available with a prescription, based on factors such as the risk of catching the disease in various affected regions and traveling conditions, notes Drugs.com. The vaccine is not a replacement for standard protective measures against cholera, which typically involve rehydrating patients and maintaining a diet and hygiene as instructed by a doctor.
Cholera is a severe illness resulting from the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which often contaminates food and water and causes intense diarrhea, explains Drugs.com. Dukoral consists of several inactivated strains of Vibrio cholerae serotype O1 and a portion of a toxin obtained from one of the strains as active substances.
Dukoral comes with effervescent granules packed in a sachet, states Drugs.com. Intake involves combining the granules with the vaccine after dissolving the granules in water. Children at least 6 years old and adults receive two doses between one to six weeks, while children ages 2 to 6 years take three doses spaced between one to six weeks per dose.