When assessing the potential downsides of dietary changes, it's important to consider a variety of factors regarding the food, its effects and the individual, according to MedicineNet. While certain foods may be associated with a higher risk of disease, an individual's lifestyle, age and overall diet also play a role.
Diabetes patients need to focus on diet and exercise in order to either lose or maintain a healthy weight, and at the same time improve blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol, reports the American Diabetes Association. Food choices and portions must be balanced with insulin and any prescribed medications, as well as exercise.
There are many tools to help build a healthy meal plan, including carbohydrate counting, the plate method, and understanding the glycemic index, reports the American Diabetes Association. These considerations take more planning and may feel like a lot of work in the beginning, but can be effectively managed with the assistance of a doctor or dietitian.
Making healthy food choices includes selecting a variety of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy, beans and lean meats or poultry. Additionally, reducing sugar consumption and choosing leaner cuts of meat and healthy sources of fat are strongly recommended in order to control blood sugar, according to Everyday Health.