Q:

What does a DOT physical consist of?

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Quick Answer

A Department of Transportation physical consists of tests for lung and heart health, vision and hearing, kidney health, diabetes, high blood pressure, digestive issues, muscular and nervous system functioning, and liver issues, explains Concentra. One can expect to provide a urine sample, discuss health history and undergo a physical exam.

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Full Answer

Professional drivers who operate commercial motor vehicles are required under federal law to receive Department of Transportation physicals on a regular basis, notes Concentra. As of 2014, only physicians who are trained and certified in standards set forth by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration can perform DOT physical examinations. These physicians are obligated to report their examination findings to the FMCSA on a monthly basis.

When heading to a medical establishment for a DOT physical, a driver should bring any eyeglasses, contact lenses or hearing aids that he uses, recommends CVS. The driver should also bring medical records pertaining to any medical concerns in his health history, such as any psychiatric diagnoses, prescribed medications, neurological disorders, blood sugar problems, heart issues or sleep disorders. It is also advisable that one use the restroom and not smoke cigarettes or drink coffee before the exam. Smoking, drinking or having a full bladder can result in inaccurate blood pressure readings, explains CVS.

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