Physicians who often treat thyroid disorders include endocrinologists, endocrine surgeons, oncologists, radiation oncologists and pathologists, as Everyday Health explains. Primary care physicians also often stay involved as part of a thyroid treatment team.
While endocrinologists are the doctors most commonly associated with thyroid specialties, some patients with thyroid disorders do not include endocrinologists on their treatment teams, notes Everyday Health. Endocrinologists are most useful when treating thyroid cancer, acute Graves' disease, thyroid nodules or goiters, according to About.com. In addition, pregnant women with hyperthyroidism should see an endocrinologist. Patients with subclinical hypothyroidism, Hashimoto's disease or other thyroid imbalances are often more properly treated by hormone specialists, who may include internists, gynecologists or primary care physicians.