The treatment for an impacted bowel involves removing the impacted stool from the colon by a doctor, as stated by the University of Maryland Medical Center. Over-the-counter laxatives can be used to help trigger the clearing of the colon. After the stool removal, several measures are taken to ensure that the impaction does not occur again.
The size of the impaction will help to determine the treatment approach for a particular patient. The use of laxative is usually the first approach in treating this condition. If the laxatives fail to work, the doctor will have to remove the impaction manually, wearing a glove and using his or her finger to remove the blockage. If the whole impaction is not removed, water irrigation or an enema will be used to clear it up. An enema involves the use of a bottle to release a liquid into the rectum to moisten the blockage and make it easier for the impaction to be removed.
Complications that may be caused by fecal impaction include bleeding, hemorrhoids and tears in the colon wall. To prevent a impacted bowel, individuals must strive to avoid constipation, as stated by Healthline. Taking plenty of fluids, eating high-fiber foods, reducing sugar intake and regular exercises can help in preventing constipation.