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How do doctors treat astigmatism in children?

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Treatment options for astigmatism, which often occurs from birth and improves or worsens as a child grows, includes eyeglasses, contact lenses, refractive surgery procedures and orthokeratology, reports the American Optometric Association. Eyeglasses use special cylindrical lenses to correct astigmatism, while contact lenses allow some people to see more clearly with a wider vision field. Orthokeratology requires the use of firm contact lenses for short periods to alter the shape of the cornea, leading to temporary clear eyesight.

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Most children with astigmatism wear eyeglasses to correct the eye problem, notes the American Optometric Association. Eyeglasses for astigmatism treatment may include a prescription for nearsightedness, but most single-vision lenses enable wearers to see at all distances.

Eye specialists recommend special toric soft contact lenses to correct different types of astigmatism, states the American Optometric Association. Gas-permeable lenses enhance vision by addressing the shape irregularity of the corneas of individuals with astigmatism. People who use contact lenses to correct their vision should regularly clean the lenses.

Orthokeratology enables individuals with mild astigmatism to experience clear eyesight without lenses at daytime by wearing rigid contact lenses overnight or for brief periods, after which they remove the lenses, explains the American Optometric Association. Laser in situ keratomileusis, or LASIK, and photorefractive keratectomy, or PRK, are common refractive procedures that use an extremely focused laser beam to reshape the cornea.

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