Doctors usually recommend a urine microalbumin test to see or confirm the presence of protein called "albumin" in the urine of a patient. High levels of albumin in urine is indicative of some form of kidney damage, which is a symptom often seen in individuals with diabetes, high blood pressure, liver cirrhosis, heart failure and systemic lupus erythematosus, as noted by WebMD.
Once the kidney damage has been confirmed by the doctor, he will recommend treatments to address and treat the damage. If left untreated, the kidneys will excrete more albumin and other proteins into the urine of the patient that may lead to chronic kidney disease. The presence of albumin in a patient's urine may also prompt his physician to make the necessary adjustments in the treatment of the patient just in case the patient is already on medication.
Taking a urine microalbumin test is relatively simple and it involves collecting a urine sample from the patient for testing. The patient does not need to undergo any special preparation for the test or make any changes to his diet prior to the collection of his urine specimen.
To collect a urine sample, however, there are a few guidelines to ensure that the sample will not be contaminated. If the patient is able collect his own urine specimen, he needs to wash his hands and genitals thoroughly before collecting his own sample. The urine specimen should also be caught midstream, meaning that the patient should allow a couple of seconds to pass while urinating before filling the collection cup. Lid must be placed immediately after urinating and presented to the health care professional.