Doctors diagnose multiple sclerosis (MS) by taking patient history and carrying out tests such as lumbar puncture, blood tests and nerve function study. There is no cure for MS but certain treatments are available for management of its progress and symptoms, notes MedlinePlus.
Multiple sclerosis is a condition that affects the brain and spine, notes WebMD. Individuals with this condition are likely to experience its symptoms between the ages of 20 and 40. Individuals affected by the condition may develop blurry vision and uncontrollable eye motions. A burning or painful sensation in the face or legs can develop.
The condition may affect the bladder by causing constipation or a frequent urge to pass urine. MS causes the patient to experience muscle spasms and impaired balance. Other symptoms that may be observed include weakness in an arm or both, impaired coordination, eye discomfort, decreased attention span, sexual complications and slurred speech.
To diagnose this condition, doctors carefully take the patient history to determine if there are possible high risk factors in play. Lumbar puncture, MRI scan of the brain and blood tests play a crucial role in determining the type of MS in question. Eye and nervous system examinations are other options doctors use to ascertain the condition.