Doctors determine the cause of abdominal pain using a number of methods, including examining the attributes of the pain, performing physical exams of the pain location point and conducting CT Scans or a colonoscopy, according to MedicineNet. More serious abdominal pain may be diagnosed by surgery and endoscopy.
Doctors determine the cause of abdominal pain largely based on the patient’s history, explains MedicineNet. Establishing a history can help determine how the pain begins, where it is located, how long it lasts and what pattern it follows. Additionally, it can determine what has the potential to ultimately relieve the pain or make it worse. A doctor might also request to do a physical examination to determine if there is inflammation, obstructions, a mass or a blood presence.
A doctor might order blood, stool and urine tests, X-ray and ultrasounds, barium swallows or an endoscopy, explains WebMD. Occasionally, a diagnosis requires a more invasive method such as laparoscopy or surgery, which happens through a small incision made in the abdominal wall, using a laparoscope to place an authorized structure into the abdomen and pelvis, explains MedicineNet. This allows the doctors to perform surgical methods without the need for a big surgical opening.