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How do doctors determine the appropriate eye inflammation treatment?

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To determine the appropriate treatments for eye inflammation, doctors perform tests, including ocular coherence tomography and visual evoked potentials test, in addition to reviewing a patient's medical history, states the Cleveland Clinic. Eye exams such as the funduscopic exam, slit lamp exam, visual acuity test and ocular pressure test also help doctors determine the appropriate treatments, notes the National Eye Institute.

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Because treatment options for specific eye diseases vary, doctors must first make a proper diagnosis before treating eye inflammation, states Healthline. For example, optic neuritis, which typically affects one eye, causes pain, inflammation and blurred vision. Uveitis causes blurred vision, inflammation, pain, redness and light sensitivity, explains the National Eye Institute.

Underlying conditions, infections and diseases such as Lyme disease, lupus, multiple sclerosis or measles can cause optic neuritis, according to Healthline. AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis can cause uveitis. If underlying conditions exist, patients must seek medical treatment for these conditions to prevent future eye inflammation.

Treatment options for optic neuritis include oral steroid medications for patients who experience ongoing poor visual function, explains Cleveland Clinic. Some patients experience a reduction in pain and swelling without medical treatment after a few weeks. Treatments for uveitis vary based on the specific type of uveitis diagnosis, states the National Eye Institute. Treatment options may include steroids administered orally, topically using an eye dropper or injected directly into eyes.

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