Orthopedic surgeons perform hip replacement surgery. While some patients have traditional surgery, which involves a 10- to 12-inch incision, others are candidates for minimally invasive hip replacement surgery, in which the incisions range from 1 to 6 inches, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Minimally invasive hip replacement surgery is more difficult to perform than traditional surgery, and not all orthopedic surgeons are trained or experienced in it. In hip replacement surgery, the entire hip joint, including the cartilage, is replaced with ceramic, metal or plastic parts. Recovery from hip replacement surgery generally takes several months; the procedure is generally performed only when a patient's joint pain and loss of function has become so severe that other treatments can no longer help, as WebMD explains.