As of 2015, a doctor typically treats spondylosis with medication, therapy or surgery, or perhaps a combination of these treatments, according to Mayo Clinic. Options depend on the severity of the condition and its symptoms.
Medication is prescribed to help spondylosis patients manage pain created by the condition, Mayo Clinic reports. A doctor may prescribe muscle relaxants or narcotics to relieve pain symptoms. Sometimes anti-seizure medications prescribed for epilepsy relieve the nerve pain. Some patients undergo steroid injections into the affected area.
A doctor may also recommend the spondylosis patient get physical therapy, Mayo Clinic states. Most patients learn exercises to strengthen and stretch neck and shoulder muscles. Sometimes if nerves are pinched, therapists use traction to create space for them in the spine.
If the spondylosis patient's symptoms worsen or he begins to have weakness in the arms and legs, the doctor may suggest surgery. The surgery is designed to make more room in the spinal column for nerve roots and may involve removing part of a vertebrae, bone spurs or a herniated disk.
Cervical spondylosis is a common condition related to aging in which the disks in the neck begin to shrink or develop bone spurs, Mayo Clinic says.. Ninety percent of all people over the age of 65 have some signs of spondylosis on a neck x-ray.