A doctor typically treats iritis with dilating eye drops to minimize pain, according to Mayo Clinic. Inflammation is reduced with steroid eye drops. However, if iritis is caused by a virus or bacterium, steroids are not used, WebMD says.
If iris inflammation is not under control within a week, patients sometimes switch to steroid pills or steroid injections near the eye, explains WebMD. Patients encourage their recovery by following prescription instructions exactly. Sunglasses protect the eye from light sensitivity, and sufferers also have the option of taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen to reduce pain. Treatment time is determined by the eye's response to medical care.
Without treatment, iritis sometimes leads to long-term vision problems, Mayo Clinic warns. Therefore, anyone with iritis symptoms should seek medical attention. Signs include blurred vision, headache and eye pain that increases in bright light, states WebMD. The eye next to the iris is often red. In addition, the pupil is constricted or malformed.
Complications sometimes appear with iritis, states the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. In certain cases, the iris becomes attached to the lens or other component, or the retina swells. Cataracts or glaucoma develops occasionally. If the optic nerve is involved, vision is threatened. Some patients require surgery to correct the additional problems.