A small heart or aortic aneurysm, which is a bulge that develops on the wall of the aorta, can be treated with medications like beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers for underlying causes of the problem that can include hypertension or blood vessel problems, relates the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. This can prevent the aneurysm from growing larger and possibly rupturing. However, an aneurysm that is 2 inches or greater in size can require surgery to avoid a rupture, states the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
If a person with a small aneurysm also has high cholesterol or is overweight, his doctor may also recommend cholesterol medication and lifestyle changes like losing weight, eating a healthy diet and exercise to avoid any possible heart problems, specifies WebMD.
There are two different types of aortic aneurysms that may develop in people, which are either a thoracic or an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Some symptoms of an aortic aneurysm can be chest and lower back pain. Aneurysms can be diagnosed through imaging procedures like a CT scan or MRI. When an aneurysm is large, endovascular repair, open abdominal or chest repair surgeries are the surgical options. In the case of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, surgery can involve using stents to repair the problem, relates eMedicineHealth.