A doctor may prescribe anti-anxiety medication to a patient after doing a thorough evaluation to determine if symptoms are due to an anxiety disorder or physical problems, notes MedlinePlus. Pharmacological treatment, along with talk therapy, may be prescribed to treat anxiety symptoms.
Various types of medications are used to treat anxiety disorders, such as benzodiazepines, antidepressants and beta blockers. Individuals with severe anxiety symptoms may benefit from pharmacological treatment. While these medications are generally useful, they should not be viewed as a cure, notes Healthguide.org. Medications are most effective when prescribed as part of a comprehensive treatment plan in conjunction with therapy aimed at getting to the root of the anxiety symptoms.
An assessment is necessary to properly diagnose patients who present with anxiety symptoms. Primary care physicians conduct tests to rule out the possibility of an underlying medical issue before making a treatment decision. Once an evaluation is complete, primary care physicians may prescribe medications to patients or refer them to a psychiatrist for further evaluation treatment, explains WebMD.
There are risks associated with taking anti-anxiety medications. They may have negative side effects, such as blurred vision or depressive symptoms, and can be habit-forming, according to Healthguide.org. Individuals are strongly encouraged to partner with their doctors to determine if pharmacological treatment of anxiety is a viable option.