In the United States, surgeons who are certifiedto perform open heart medical procedures can be locatedby using the directories provided by U.S. News and the American College of Surgeons, or ACS. Specialists who perform surgical operations concerning heartand chest conditionsare called cardiac, thoracic andcardiothoracic surgeons.
Open heart surgery pertains to any medical operation that involves making incisions on the thoracic cavity to open up the chest, which is then followed bysurgery on the cardiac muscles, blood vessels and valves, as stated by MedlinePlus. Common open heart procedures include coronary artery bypass grafts, heart transplants, aortic valve surgeries and mitral valve surgeries.
Although cardiac surgeons mainly perform corrective operations for heart problems, thoracic surgeons are also qualified to carry outopen heart surgeries as they undergo the same extensivetraining and certification as cardiac specialists. Thoracic surgeons, however, specialize more on the lungs and other upper body organs.
U.S. News presents the number of cardiothoracic surgeons by state, which is furtherbroken down into the number of surgeons that can be foundin a city within a particular state. By clicking on the links, users can view the names of the surgeonsin the area.ACS, meanwhile, provides a variety of searching options for those who want to locate a cardiothoracic surgeon in the U.S., including in other countries, such as Canada, Mexico and Australia. Userscan also indicate the subspecialty and area of clinical concentration to further filter the search results for cardiothoracic surgeons.