When diagnosing muscular dystrophy, it is important for a doctor to perform a physical exam, consider the family medical history of the patient and perform the necessary tests, including a muscle biopsy, genetic testing, nerve condition tests and blood enzyme tests, according to WebMD. Different tests can be applied to determine the existence of particular strains of muscular dystrophy. For example, a muscular biopsy may be appropriate for diagnosing Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy.
While there is no known cure for muscular dystrophy, there are treatment options to slow down the negative effects and symptoms of the disease, as stated by WebMD. Medications that help to rebuild muscle are being researched to determine the effectiveness in slowing down the deterioration of muscles in the body.
Although there is no cure, certain symptoms can be treated with conventional methods. Exercise regimens and physical therapy can help to relieve painful joints while also helping to delay the curvature of the spine. Other techniques, like coughing exercises, breathing exercises or extra respiratory care, can also help to relieve some symptoms. For added mobility, some muscular dystrophy patients rely on walking canes or wheelchairs to get around. Surgery is also an option, depending on the patient's symptoms and form of muscular dystrophy.